Informes de la Construcción, Vol 63, No 523 (2011)

La técnica constructiva del cob. Pasado, presente y futuro


https://doi.org/10.3989/ic.10.018

L. Watson , Reino Unido

K. McCabe
University of Plymouth, Reino Unido

Resumen


A través de Europa, cientos de miles de edificios han sido construidos por un método de construcción antiguo, el uso del cob. Estos edificios tienen una apariencia característica de muros orgánicos salpicados con pequeñas aperturas cuyas puertas y ventanas se rehunden para crear profundos relieves. Tradicionalmente protegidos por techos de paja, en estos edificios vernáculos está una parte importante de la identidad local. En muchos países europeos todavía se encuentran edificios hechos de cob, como Francia, Italia, Alemania, Bélgica, República Checa, e Inglaterra (1). Después de una descripción sobre el uso de cob, este artículo presentará una historia breve del uso de cob en Devon, una región en el suroeste de Inglaterra. También introducirá ejemplos de edificios modernos de cob, con una discusión sobre el potencial de usar este método de construcción en proyectos arquitectónicos en el futuro.

Palabras clave


arquitectura con tierra; técnica constructiva cob; habilidades tradicionales; conservación de edificios; material de construcción sostenible

Texto completo:


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Referencias


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