Informes de la Construcción, Vol 67, No 537 (2015)

Análisis del comportamiento sísmico de construcciones rurales tradicionales de piedra: estudio de caso de una estructura de un piso


https://doi.org/10.3989/ic.13.039

C. Arcidiacono
University of Catania, Italia

S. M. C. Porto
University of Catania, Italia

G. Cascone
University of Catania, Italia

Resumen


Las características específicas de las construcciones rurales tradicionales pueden tener influencia en la verificación de su comportamiento sísmico. Cuando se hace necesario cambiar el uso de las construcciones rurales tradicionales, los trabajos de reestructuración deben satisfacer las normas sísmicas específicas y, al mismo tiempo, deberían preservar sus peculiaridades originales. En este artículo se ha aplicado un modelo para verificar la seguridad sísmica de mamposterías sujetas a acciones coplanarias, con el objetivo de ahondar en el comportamiento estructural de construcciones rurales tradicionales de una sola planta, hechas con mampostería de piedra, con relación a la aplicación de normativas y posibles trabajos de mejora antisísmica. Los resultados han demostrado que los mecanismos de colapso de los elementos resistentes y el método de simulación del comportamiento de los tímpanos de mampostería tienen influencia en la verificación sísmica, así como la necesidad de efectuar obras de refuerzo.

Palabras clave


Verificación sísmica; fuerzas coplanarias; estructura tipo pórtico (shear-type); mampostería de piedra; normas sísmicas; modelación; reutilización

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