Informes de la Construcción, Vol 71, No 556 (2019)

Metodología de selección de especies de arbolado para el sombreado urbano en la parte oriental de la cornisa Cantábrica


https://doi.org/10.3989/ic.65135

I. Azcarate Mutiloa
Departamento de Arquitectura. Universidad del País Vasco/Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea, España
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0207-624X

J. Á. Acero Alejandro
Energy and Environmental Division, Tecnalia., España
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6214-0605

J. Arrizabalaga Ibarzabal
Energy and Environmental Division, Tecnalia., España
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1128-7230

Resumen


La mitigación del efecto Isla de Calor es uno de los mayores retos del futuro en las ciudades debido al cambio climático. Uno de los métodos para conseguir el enfriamiento de los espacios urbanos es la atenuación de radiación solar proporcionada por el arbolado. En el presente artículo se plantea una metodología de selección de especies arbóreas para la mejora del confort térmico en zonas urbanizadas de la parte oriental de la cornisa cantábrica. Partiendo de una preselección de especies autóctonas, se obtiene una clasificación de diversas especies aptas para el sombreado describiéndose sus principales características y su posible ámbito de utilización en función de la tipología de espacio urbano.

Palabras clave


Isla de calor; cambio climático; espacio urbano; radiación solar; sombreado; especies de arbolado

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Referencias


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