Informes de la Construcción, Vol 72, No 559 (2020)

Sistema de Información Geográfica tipológico para el conocimiento y la conservación del patrimonio construido: un caso de estudio en el sur de Italia


https://doi.org/10.3989/ic.73697

Luigi Mollo
University of Campania “L. Vanvitelli", Italia
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1067-0142

Rosa Agliata
University of Campania “L. Vanvitelli", Italia
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7341-3840

Luis Palmero Iglesias
University of Campania “L. Vanvitelli", Italia
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0046-5134

Marco Vigliotti
University of Campania “L. Vanvitelli", Italia
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1709-4424

Resumen


Un SIG (Sistema de Información Geográfica) tipológico, es un sistema diseñado para almacenar, analizar, gestionar y visualizar
datos geo-referenciados sobre el entorno construido. Permite consultas interactivas para explorar las relaciones espaciales entre
edificios mejorarando el conocimiento del patrimonio construido a diferentes escalas. Realizando un análisis espacio-tipológico, es
posible extraer información de los edificios existentes sobre las tipologías más utilizadas a diferentes niveles, desde la escala urbana hasta el detalle constructivo. Este conocimiento, podría servir de apoyo para un correcto diseño en los proyectos de renovación urbana destinados a mantener inalterado el carácter de la zona considerada y preservar su valor cultural e histórico. Este trabajo presenta la primera fase de implementación del SIG tipológico de un centro histórico situado al norte de Nápoles, y muestra algunos ejemplos de posibles consultas del SIG para la investigación tipológica del entorno construido a diferentes niveles de detalle.

Palabras clave


GIS; tipologías constructivas; patrimonio; GIS tipológico; ambiente construido

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